EMILIO AGUINALDO T-SHIRT
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PHILIPPINE HISTORY history.htm
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EMILIO AGUINALDO Born: March 30,1869 Died: February
Emilio Aguinaldo was the head of the First Philippine Republic.
He won distinction for his military exploits and emerged as the
recognized leader of his people who elevated him to the Presidency
of the First Republic in Asia established by Asians.
On June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite from a window on the second floor of the Aguinaldo House the following proclamation was made:
"We proclaim and solemnly declare, in the name and by
the authority of the inhabitants of all these Philippine Islands that
they are and have the right to be free and independent: that they
be free from obedience to the crown of Spain: that every political
tie between the two is and must be completely severed and
annulled; and that, like all free and independent states, they have
complete authority to declare war, make peace, establish
commerical treaties, enter into alliances, regulate commerce, and
execute all other acts and things incumbent upon independent
states. Having firm confidence in the protection of Divine Providence, we guarantee for the support of this declaration our
lives, fortunes, and the most sacred that we have, honor."
It was in this window that the Filipino flag with its
was first unfurled. The Aguinaldo House is now a National Shrine.
It is open to the public in Kawit, Cavite and it is quite a beautiful
and historical home to visit.
"And finally it was unanimously resolved that this
independent from this day, must use the same flag used heretofore,
whose design and colors are described in the sketch, representing
in natural colors the three arms mentioned. The white triangle
represents the famous Katipunan Society, which by means of the
blood compact suggested to the masses the urgency of insurrection;
the three stars represent the three principal islands of this
Archipelago, Luzon, Mindanao, and Panay, wherein this
revolutionary movement broke out; the sun represents the gigantic
strides that have been made by the sons of this land on the road to
progress and civilization; its eight rays symbolize the eight
provinces: Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Bataan,
Laguna and Batangas, which were declared in a state of war almost
as soon as the first revolutionary movement was initiated; and the
colors blue, red and white, commemorate the flag of the United
States, in manifestation of our profound gratitude towards that
great nation for the disinterested protection she is extending to us
and will continue to extend to us."
The Malolos Republic however, was shortlived; the
became American territory after the Spanish-American War.
Disappointed, Aguinaldo led Filipino forces against the Americans
but had to retreat soon because of superior American forces. On
March 23, 1901, he was captured by the Americans, thus ending his
struggle and the Philippine Republic.